This Ten-Minute Evidence-Based Dentistry Article provides an example of the implementation of the EBD search process with trusted search engines for the identification of the best literature through critical appraisal to answer a clinical question. "For patients receiving orthodontic care, is an AI-generated treatment plan as likely to achieve acceptable outcomes?" Orthodontic treatment planning is a complex and time-consuming process that requires a high degree of expertise. Artificial intelligence (AI) has the potential to assist orthodontists in this process by automating some of the tasks involved, such as cephalometric analysis, surgery decisions, extraction decisions, and anchorage decisions.

A recent systematic review found that AI is effective in making extraction decisions, with a success rate of 93%. The review also found that AI can be used to predict the need for orthognathic surgery with a success rate of 96%. One study found that AI can be used to generate treatment plans that are comparable to those generated by human experts. However, the study did not follow patients to see how well the treatment plans worked. Overall, the evidence suggests that AI has the potential to be a valuable tool for orthodontic treatment planning. However, more research is needed to determine the long-term effectiveness of AI-generated treatment plans.