temporomandibularjoint, cone beam computed tomography, osteophyte, subchondral cyst, sclerosis


The aim of the present study is to determine the prevalence and demographics of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) condylar changes in the asymptomatic general population of a hospital based Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (OMFS) practice. We retrospectively reviewed cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans of 272 TMJs from 136 consecutive patients to detect osteophyte, subchondral cyst, sclerosis, cortical erosions, and flattening. While gender did not appear to play a significant role in TMJ pathology, age was positively correlated with prevalence of condylar changes. Patients 78 years and older were significantly more likely to have osteophyte, cyst, sclerosis, and breakdown than were their younger counterparts. Flattening was the most common osseous change in our patient cohort.